Mexican Independence Day History | El Grito de Dolores History
Mexico’s Independence Day History
Mexico celebrates its independence day every September 16 with parades, festivals, feasts, parties and more. September 16 is an important day for people of Mexico. But do you ever wonder why it is so and what the history of Mexican Independence Day or how Mexico did archive its independence.
Mexican Independence Day History till 1810
Mexicans is under Spanish rule in 1810. Spain had many colonies distributed all over the Mexico. North United States had won its independence decades before, and many Mexicans felt they could, too get the independence. As the napoleon had already invaded the Spain results in Mexican and South American rebels to set up their own governments.
In Mexico, the creoles decided the time had come for independence but there were several conspiracies, most of which were found out and the conspirators harshly punished. Finally the date of October 2 was selected for the insurrection against Spain to begin in Mexico.
El Grito de Dolores History
Hidalgo father of Mexican independence
In September the plot had been found out and many conspirators were being rounded up by colonial officials. On September 15, 1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo heard the bad news: the jig was up and the Spanish were coming for him. On the morning of the 16th, Hidalgo took to the pulpit in the town of Dolores and made a shocking announcement that he was taking up arms against the tyrannies of the Spanish government and his parishioners were all invited to join him. Hidalgo rang the church bell as he customarily did to call the indians to mass. The message that Hidalgo gave to the indians and mestizos called them to retaliate against the hated Gachupines, or native Spaniards, who had exploited and oppressed Mexicans for ten generations. This famous speech became known as “El Grito de Dolores,” Or the “Cry of Dolores.” Within hours Hidalgo had an army a large, unruly, poorly armed but resolute mob. From that moment revolution had taken action in Mexico. Hidalgo is still revered as the father of Mexican independence.
History of March to Mexico City for independence.
Hidalgo, assisted by military man Ignacio Allende, led his army towards Mexico City. Along the way they laid siege to the town of Guanajuato and fought off the Spanish defense at the Battle of Monte de las Cruces. By November he was at the gates of the city itself, with angry army large enough to take it. Yet Hidalgo inexplicably retreated, perhaps turned aside by fears of a large Spanish army coming to reinforce the city.
Fall of Hidalgo and Allende :
In January of 1811, Hidalgo and Allende were routed at the Battle of Calderon Bridge by a Spanish army. Forced to flee, the rebel leaders, along with some others, were soon captured. Allende and Hidalgo were both put to death in June and July of 1811. The Mexico loses its two great leaders that time. The peasant army had disbanded and it looked as if Spain had reasserted control over its unruly colony. But the fire of independence was still alive in Mexico.
Mexican Independence is won
One of Hidalgo’s captains, José María Morelos, took up the banner of independence and fought until his own capture and execution in 1815. He was in turn succeeded by his own lieutenant, Vicente Guerrero and rebel leader Guadalupe Victoria, who fought for six more years until 1821, when they reached an agreement with turncoat royal officer Agustín de Iturbide which allowed for Mexico’s definitive liberation in September of 1821.
Eleven years of war, decades of despotic Mexican rulers and political unrest preceded Hidalgo’s cry of Dolores. Yet throughout the years of turmoil, El Grito de Dolores, “Mexicanos, viva Mexico,” has persevered. Every year at midnight on September 15, Mexicans led by the president of Mexico shout the Grito, honoring the crucial and impulsive action that was the catalyst for the country’s bloody struggle for independence from Spain. So Mexico had earned its independence by sacrificing its people for truth and justice. And to remember the history of Mexico fight for independence we celebrate Mexican Independence Day.